The Pavilion opened in 1929 as concert hall and tea room while also providing a venue for the municipal orchestra. Just over 20% of residents had two or more A-levels, four or more AS-Levels or an advanced diploma while 15.8% possessed a degree, such as a BA or BSc or a higher degree such as an MA or PhD. [185], The Bournemouth local education authority was first set up in 1903 and remained in existence until local government was reorganised in 1974 when Bournemouth lost its County Borough status and became part of the county of Dorset. The festival has also seen appearances from modern aircraft such as the Eurofighter Typhoon. In 2007 however, births exceeded deaths for the first time, and this trend has continued through to 2011. BCP held its first elections in 2019, which resulted in the Conservatives as the largest party, but with No Overall Control; A Unity Alliance Administration of other groups subsequently formed. ret.2014-01-10. [93][94] In 2009 the South West Regional Accounts showed that the Financial Services sector in Bournemouth was worth £1,031.8 million in Gross Value Added. Population. This is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designated areas, and imposing stricter conditions on permitted building. [83] With 4,000 residents per square kilometre, Bournemouth has the highest population density of any authority in the South-West region, and is the eighth most populated. [80] endobj All three stations lie on the South Western Main Line from Weymouth to London Waterloo. The top occupations listed by people in Bournemouth are Professional 16.4%, Associate professional and technical 12.7%, Skilled trades 11.4%, Elementary 11.3%, Managers, directors and senior officials 11.1%, Administrative and secretarial 10.7%, Sales and customer service 10.4%, Caring, leisure and other service 10.3%, Elementary administration and service 10.2%, Sales 8.7%. [28][29], In the 1840s Benjamin Ferrey was replaced by Decimus Burton, whose plans for Bournemouth included the construction of a garden alongside the Bourne stream, an idea first mooted by Granville. Hosting rugby, netball, hockey, dodgeball and volleyball tournaments, the event is a celebration of team sports in a festival atmosphere and was launched in 2008. The town centre has notable Victorian architecture and the 202-foot (62 m) spire of St Peter's Church, one of three Grade I listed churches in the borough, is a local landmark. Qpzm LocalStats UK ™ - © 2020 - Adapted from data from the Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.1.0. The family plot in St Peter's churchyard also contains her parents William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, and the heart of her husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley. This trend has continued with 2,264 live births but 2,044 deaths giving a net increase of 220 in 2015. Designed by the architect Archibald Smith, Boscombe Pier opened in 1889 as a 600 feet (180 m) structure which was extended to 750 feet (230 m) in 1927 when a new head was constructed. [33] Two extensions to the pier in 1894 and 1905, brought the total length to 305 metres (1,001 feet). [94] The manufacturing sector is predominantly based in neighbouring Poole, but still employed 2% of the workforce in 2010 and 2.6% in 2011. Dorset Council has a lower birth rate than Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole (BCP) and England & Wales, but a higher death rate. It is in place to reduce urban sprawl, prevent the towns in the South East Dorset conurbation from further convergence, protect the identity of outlying communities, and preserve nearby countryside. [18], Prior to the Christchurch Inclosures Act 1802, more than 70% of the Westover area was common land. North of the centre there is an out-of-town shopping complex called Castlepoint. Other top answers for country of birth were 1.5% Scotland, 1.5% Wales, 0.8% South America, 0.8% India, 0.6% Ireland, 0.6% South Africa, 0.5% China, 0.4% Northern Ireland, 0.3% Zimbabwe. [34] On 1 April 1997, Bournemouth became a unitary authority, independent from Dorset County Council. It never opened as a hotel again and was purchased by Bournemouth Borough Council in 1919. [35] Bournemouth became a municipal borough in 1890 and a county borough in 1900.[34]. The A31 joins the M27 at Cadnam and from there the M3 to London and the A34 to the Midlands and the North can be accessed. Bournemouth has a smaller percentage of residents describing themselves as non White British than across England and Wales. Bournemouth /ˈbɔːrnməθ/ (listen) is a coastal resort town on the south coast of England. The town continues to grow with a population as at Mid-2015 of 194,500. [41][43] The site is now used as an outdoor event arena. [58] The towns of Poole, Bournemouth and Christchurch form the South East Dorset conurbation with a combined population of over 400,000. Tolkien died in September 1973 at his home in Bournemouth but was buried in Oxfordshire. Black British, black African, black Caribbean and other black groups form 1.0% of the population, Those of a mixed race make up 2.3% of the population, and 0.9% are from other ethnic groups. and other religions made up 0.7%. And a distinguished resident of Bournemouth was Sir Donald Coleman Bailey, OBE (1901–1985) a civil engineer who invented the Bailey bridge. The area was well known to Tregonwell who, during the Napoleonic wars, spent much of his time searching the heath and coastline for French invaders and smugglers. [91] This was 10% higher than the average employment in the service sector for Great Britain and 11% higher than the South West. %PDF-1.5 [70][71] Average rainfall in Bournemouth is around 31 inches (800 mm) annually, well below the national average of 44.3 inches (1,126 mm). Bournemouth's 2020 population is now estimated at 505,687. [6][117], The detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 noted that the local authority area of Bournemouth had the third-highest proportion of land taken up by domestic gardens, 34.6%, of the 326 districts in England; narrowly less than the London Boroughs of Harrow and Sutton at the time with 34.7% and 35.1%. [109] The O2 and Pavilion are older and are both Grade II listed buildings. [103][104] In recent years, Bournemouth has become a popular nightlife destination with UK visitors and many clubs, bars and restaurants are located within the town centre. [29][30] A second suggestion of Granville's, a sanatorium, was completed in 1855 and greatly raised Bournemouth's profile as a place for recuperation. The average age of people in Bournemouth is 40, while the median age is lower at 38. Mary died before the house was completed but she was buried in Bournemouth, in accordance with her wishes. [3][12], In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the Borough of Bournemouth would grow to encompass a number of ancient settlements along the River Stour, including Longham where a skull thought to be 5,500 years old was found in 1932. The Bournemouth Reform Synagogue, formerly known as Bournemouth New Synagogue, is a Reform Jewish synagogue with over 700 members. Click on the name of the country or dependency for current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and … These early attempts to promote the town as a health resort meant that by the time Tregonwell died in 1832, Bournemouth had grown into a small community with a scattering of houses, villas and cottages. The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Bournemouth. [54] The borough borders the neighbouring boroughs of Poole and Christchurch to the west and east respectively and the East Dorset District to the north. In 2010 the town was awarded a Purple Flag for providing a wide variety of night-time activities while maintaining the safety of both residents and visitors.


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